'Petroglyphs, the Bend in the Boyne'
At least since the advent of modern archaeology, archaeologists have proposed numerous interpretations
of the petroglyphs found throughout Ireland and Britain, yet none have ever been tested, nor can
they ever be tested, and therefore do not meet the criteria of a scientific hypothesis or theory.
This paper explores the likelihood that many of the panels of petroglyphs decorating the orthostats
and kerbstones at sites such as Knowth, Newgrange and Dowth, simply depict the monuments that were
constructed during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Ages.
Though many of the monuments within the Boyne Ensemble are still visible in the landscape,
there are hundreds of sites where nothing can be seen, except for the panels that exhibit
this enigmatic art, with hundreds more yet to be discovered. The spatial distribution of
motifs on the stones at Knowth, Newgrange and Dowth for example, are a way of drawing
in the wider ritual landscape, creating for the community a way of connecting the physical
landscape, with the realm of the dead. With the advances in geo-prospecting technology,
and using the probable cartographic information on the panels, undiscovered sites and monuments beckon.
'Petroglyphs, the Art of Ancient Landscapes'
'Petroglyphs, the Bend in the Boyne' predominately explored the hypothesis
that many of the panels of artwork found within the Boyne Ensemble, are
'maps' of the site as it existed during the Neolithic. While that
hypothesis was applied to a number of other sites in Ireland, the UK and
France, any hypothesis must undergo repeated testing. As such this paper,
which for all intents and purposes is an addendum to 'Petroglyphs,
the Bend in the Boyne', addresses a number of points and observations
not previously covered, as well as a number of additional sites, both
in Ireland and the UK, where this enigmatic art has been discovered.
'Orthostat, the Mound of the Hostages'
Stretching back in time to the arrival of the Celts during the Early Iron Age,
the Hill of Tara has been the spiritual heart of Ireland, yet little is known about
the site, other than what has been gleaned from the ancient manuscripts, which tell
us nothing about how it looked during the Neolithic and Bronze Ages. Although the
excavations in the 1950's of Ra?ith na Senad and Duma na nGiall; the Mound of the
Hostages, by Professor Sean P. O'Riordain and Professor Ruaidhri de Valera have
given us a glimpse into that period of history, they merely scratched the surface.
It is therefore the purpose of this paper to examine an 'historical record' that has
been overlooked ever since its discovery nearly sixty years ago... one that is quite
literally carved in stone.
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Boyne Valley Private Day Tours
Pick up and return to your accommodation or cruise ship. Suggested day tour:
Newgrange World Heritage site, 10th century High Crosses at Monasterboice,
Hill of Tara the seat of the High Kings of Ireland, Bective Abbey and Trim Castle the largest Norman castle in Ireland