Plan of mound at Newgrange showing the passage and chamber.
Plan and sectional elevation of the passage and chamber before excavation.
Plan of the passage and chamber, the passage is shown in 2 sections.
Newgrange is one of the finest examples, not only in Ireland, but in Western
Europe, of the type of tomb known as a passage-grave. Its probable date of
erection is about 3000 BC. It belongs to a time when stone, not metal, was the
everyday material for tools and weapons. No metal has yet been found in a
primary context in an Irish passage-grave.
The tomb consists, as the name passage-grave implies, of a passage and chamber,
the walls and roof of which are built of large slabs without mortar. A large
circular mound or cairn of stones covers the tomb and a kerb of massive slabs
laid on their long edges, ends touching, surrounds the base of the cairn and was
intended to act as a retaining feature. Surrounding the mound but situated from
7 to 17 metres outside it, is a circle of tall, widely-spaced standing-stones.
Boyne Valley Private Day Tour
Immerse yourself in the rich heritage and culture of the Boyne Valley with our full-day private tours.
Visit Newgrange World Heritage site, explore the Hill of Slane, where Saint Patrick famously lit the Paschal fire.
Discover the Hill of Tara, the ancient seat of power for the High Kings of Ireland.