The Taoiseach, Mr Haughey, leaving one of the tombs at Knowth, in the Boyne Valley.
The tombs are being excavated by the archaeological department of UCD. (Photograph: Eddie Kelly).
HAUGHEY RETURNS FROM THE TOMB
I'M guarding the tomb, said Brendán O'Riordáin, director of the National Museum, perched on the stone mouth of the burial mound into which the Taoiseach had disappeared. Even without the angles, Mr Haughey got back out again, exclaiming at the beauty of the 5,000-year-old Knowth site. Asked if it would not be a grand place to build civic offices, he grinned. On this sunny August day there would be no clash between the Sate and archaeology. The excavation at Knowth have been going on since 1962 and Professor George Eogan is now ready to start work on the eastern tomb of the great central mound which with its two chambered tombs, is described as the most impressive late stone age monument in Western Europe. The western tomb had already been excavated. The bigger eastern tomb has a 100-foot long passage leading to a cruciform chamber with a 20-foot high roof. The great mound over it is made up of a cairn surrounded by layers of earth and retained by a ring of big kerbstones, which like many stones in the tombs are decorated.
As Professor Eogan explained to the Taoiseach on his visit yesterday, the size of the mound indicates the prosperity of the farming community in the Boyne valley area at the time. Only a wealthy community could have released the number of workers and engineering and architectural specialists needed to erect the tomb, and could have afforded to denude acres of grassland of the sods needed to make the earthen layers.
How long will it take
to excavate the eastern tomb? About 10,000 years teased Mr Haughey.
Professor Eogan though five years would be enough. He is working
on a budget of £27,000 this year not as big as the
£43,000 granted some years ago, but then the national allocation
for excavation has been cut. The State has recently acquired
additional land around the site to ensure its preservation and
make excavation easier. It is not yet clear whether there is
any particular significance to the whorl and line designs on
the stones, except that vertical lines on large stones have so
far indicated tomb entrances.
Boyne Valley Private Day ToursPick up and return to your accommodation or cruise ship. Suggested day tour: Newgrange World Heritage site, 10th century High Crosses at Monasterboice, Hill of Tara the seat of the High Kings of Ireland and the Hill of Slane where St. Patrick let a Paschal fire in 433 More ...